Hypertension is another form of blood pressure. It opens up the avenue of different kinds of disease like diabetes mellitus like type1, type2 diabetes, gestational diabetes. Research studies have proved the connection between hypertension and diabetes. Hypertension and type2 diabetes both of these are metabolic disorder, a condition associated with cardiovascular disease, stroke, and obesity. The cause behind diabetes and hypertension is almost the same, and they share a high amount of risk factors. They can worsen the mild symptoms and bring them to a severe level. Doctors have examined that both of these conditions usually overlap with each other.
In this article, we are going to talk about the correlation between hypertension and diabetes.
The major link between hypertension and diabetes?
When hypertension gets at its stage-2 or stage-3 level, diabetes usually overlaps with it. Research has observed that a straightforward connection between hypertension and diabetes, they fall under the same disease mechanism. Tension, stress, anxiety, obesity, oxidative stress, obesity, inflammation, insulin resistivity promotes hypertension which stimulates the encouraging factors of diabetes.
Now advanced research provided modern solutions and perspectives. Physical activity functions like the panacea for both of these diseases. You have a basic to mid-level of idea about the causes and disease mechanism, then you can follow an effective approach to prevent it.
The common cause of hypertension is obesity, oxidative stress, insulin resistance.
Can hypertension cause diabetes?
The journal of the American College of Cardiology (JACC) has performed a meta-analysis in 2015, The data was derived from more than 4 million adults. It says that people who are suffering from high blood pressure carry a greater risk of developing type-2 diabetes.
The link is due to the core mechanism of the human body that encourages both of these disease conditions. For example, inflammation, obesity are two common symptoms of hypertension and obesity.
Hypertension linked diabetes symptoms:
The amalgamate impact of high blood pressure and type-2 diabetes enhances the risk of heart complications; popular as cardiovascular disease, renal complication, and other health problems. In 2012 researchers found that 50-80% of people who have suffered from high blood pressure also have type-2 diabetes in the USA.
There are three different approaches where blood glucose levels enhance blood pressure:
- The blood vessel lose their elasticity
- The fluid of the human body rapidly increases, when diabetes affects kidney functions.
- Hypertension increases the chance of insulin resistance.
Managing blood pressure and sugar level can reduce the complication. Hypertension and diabetes are silent killers, they gradually attack another organ of your body and bring them near death. They gradually increase the risk of heart attack and strokes. There are significant overlapping between hypertension and diabetes which equally damaging for the heart, kidney, and nervous system.
According to HongKong Cardiovascular risk factor prevention study 45% patient suffers from type-2 diabetes had normal blood pressure, whereas only 54% of people suffers from hypertension has very normal blood glucose tolerance level.
According to a research study, approximately 30% of people suffer from tye-1 diabetes and 50-80% of patients have type-2 diabetes with hypertension.
How to identify the hypertension
People often recommend hypertension as the gradual silent killer and many people unknowingly suffer from them, The American Heart Association (AHA) advises that hypertension and type-2 diabetes has no symptoms at the primary level. The patient usually identified the high blood pressure level when a doctor takes the blood pressure reading by measuring systole and diastole, even when they can measure by the machine at home.
The reading is measured according to two metrics:
- Systolic is the upper number
- The diastole is the lower number
As per The American Heart Association (AHA), the consequence is mentioned below:
Normal: Systolic under 120 and diastolic under 80
- Elevated: Systolic 120–129 and diastolic under 80
- Hypertension stage 1: Systolic 130–139 and diastolic 80–89
- Hypertension stage 2: Systolic 140 or more and diastolic at least 90
- Hypertensive emergency: Systolic higher than 180 and diastolic over 120.
The term “ Hypertensive crisis” refers to an individual need to visit a physician immediately. He may feel an emergency concern.
A person with a primary stage of hypertension has a greater risk of the advanced stage of hypertension in the future. A healthy lifestyle can help you to manage high blood pressure, protect your body from hypertension and type-2 diabetes.
Therefore, hypertension patients need to include the following habits in their lifestyle :
- Healthy diet
- Weight management
- Proper Medication
How to identify diabetes
Not every person with diabetes will see manifestations, incorporating those with a conclusion, as long as they are controlling their condition viably.
On the off chance that side effects of high glucose levels do show up, they include:
- excessive thirst
- frequent need to pee
- increased evening time pee
- weakness and sluggishness
- blurred vision
The first step of managing both of these diseases is managing weight. You can take assistance from a professional doctor and nutritionist from the clinic of weight loss Abu Dhabi.